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Koxinga was born in A.D. 1624 in Nagasaki, Japan. His father was a merchant and pirate, but later on capitulated to empire Ming and was empowered as naval admiral. His mother was Japanese. Koxinga was initially named after his father as Zheng, but because he defeated the invasion from Manchu, so the emperor granted him a royal name as Zhu. Hereafter people called him as Koxinga (means "the highness with royal name"). He was the arch commander of post-Ming military and had resisted Manchu's invasion for more than 16 years. He swapped his headquarter from mainland China to Taiwan in 1661, terminated Dutch's colonization of Taiwan. In 1662, he was infected with malaria and died at the age of 37.

After Koxinga's death, his family kept ruling Taiwan for another 20 years, then eventually yielded to empire Qing. In 1875, a mandarin governor proposed to emperor to build a temple for Koxinga, in honor of his courage and loyalty. Then during Japanese colonization of Taiwan throughout 1895~1945, attributed to his blood-tie with his Japanese mother, the Japan government preserved his temple with special care. Then after KMT government retreated from mainland China to Taiwan in 1949, the authority regarded Koxinga as an icon of anti-imperialism, hence renamed some schools or streets in the name of Koxinga.

before 1976